Schizotypal personality disorder is a form of mental illness that can include some of the symptoms that are experienced by schizophrenics, and these are two different conditions but modern science does believe that there are links between the personality disorder and schizophrenia. Anyone with schizotypal PD may be examined for schizophrenia due to the symptoms that are exhibited, and there is a genetic link suspected with both forms of mental illness. Schizotypal PD does not include delusions or hallucinations, but individuals with this condition are more likely than others to have one or more close relatives who have been diagnosed with schizophrenia. Since some of the same symptoms are displayed an accurate diagnosis is crucial so that the proper treatment can be provided.
Schizotypal personality is usually not as severe as schizophrenia, but treatment is often required because the mental illness interferes with normal daily life. Someone with schizotypal PD may display difficulties in social settings and situations, and they may have strange thoughts and unusual ideas similar to the symptoms seen in those who have schizophrenia. This personality disorder also includes an increased risk for major depression, and maintaining a normal appearance or taking care of daily hygiene and personal care may be impossible at times. Paranoia is common with both forms of mental illness, and healthcare professionals may not be able to distinguish between schizotypal personality disorder and schizophrenia without an in depth evaluation of the patient. An accurate diagnosis can take some time and effort because of the similarities between these two forms of mental illness.